1. A World Heritage city

Environmental and natural values

Natural and Cultural Heritage of the World

Situated on the shores of Lake Ohrid, the town of Ohrid is one of the oldest human settlements in Europe. Built mostly between the 7th and 19th centuries, Ohrid is home to the oldest Slav monastery (dedicated to St. Pantelejmon) and more than 800 Byzantine-style icons of worldwide fame dating from the 11th century to the end of the 14th century. Ohrid’s architecture represents the best preserved and most complete ensemble of ancient urban architecture of this part of Europe. Slav culture spread from Ohrid to other parts of Europe.

Ohrid Lake, Macedonia“Ohrid Lake, Macedonia” by Franx’ is licensed under CC BY-NC 2.0


The city of Ohrid is the most important settlement of a Region which is a world recognized site for the Natural and Cultural Heritage values. Numerous endemic and rare freshwater species of flora and fauna live at the Ohrid Lake, originating from the Tertiary period. There are over 300 species, unique animals and plants, preserved in the lake waters. A great number of opulent and diverse birds also live in the lake’s area.

Watch a quick video below and try to discuss in your classroom the following bullets: (for a detailed view of the video, please visit this link)


  • Who are these people talking about the significance of Ohrid’s natural and cultural heritage?
  • What are UNESCO and their goals?
  • Can you remember your parents and grandparents telling you stories related to the lake? If not, ask them about what the lake means to them.


1. Speak with your teammates about what the lake means to you all. Try to think of three (3) words that picture your feelings about the lake and how it affects your everyday life (taking walks at the lake, meeting with friends at the lake, playing games at the lake, taking pictures at the lake, relaxing at the lake, swimming at the lake, etc.).

2. Answer the following question by visiting this link. Yours and your teammates’ results, as well as any others’ students results who visited the Ohrid course, will be displayed on the screen as a tag cloud. This way, you can view what the lake means to lots of different people.

3. Discuss the generated tag cloud in your classroom.

4. If you wish, you can engage more people to do the activity, such as your parents and grandparents or your friends and relatives.